- Health care operations – Research and laboratory services, hospitals, walk-in health care facilities, veterinary and animal health services, elder care, medical distribution, home health care workers/aides, doctors and dentists, nursing homes or residential facilities, and medical and equipment providers.
- Infrastructure – Utilities, including power generation, fuel supply and transmission; public water and wastewater, telecommunications and data centers, airports and airlines, and transportation infrastructure, such as bus, rail and for-hire vehicles.
- Manufacturing – Food processing, chemicals, medical equipment, pharmaceuticals, safety and sanitary products, telecommunications, microelectronics, agriculture and paper products.
- Retail – Grocery, including food and beverage stores; pharmacies, convenience stores, farmer’s markets, gas stations, restaurants and bars for takeout and delivery, and hardware and building material.
- Services – Trash and recycle collection, mail and shipping, laundromats and dry cleaning, building and cleaning maintenance, child care, auto repair, warehouse and distribution fulfillment, funeral homes, crematoriums and cemeteries, and animal shelters.
- Financial – Banks, insurance, payroll and accounting.
Other important functions that considered essential services include news media, homeless shelters and providers, production, and emergency management personnel, such as fire, law enforcement, building code enforcement, security and building cleaners.